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IPX Basics



IPX Addressing and Address Structure



Configuring IPX Addresses



IPX Routing Configuration



Configuring IPX Routing Protocols



Configuring IPX Filtering via Access Lists



Configuring Basic IPX Dialup Services



Verifying IPX Connectivity and Troubleshooting



Configuring IPX Type 20 Packet Forwarding







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Cisco Router Configuration

From: Cisco Router Configuration
Author: Bruce Pinsky; Allan Leinwand; Mark Culpepper
Publisher: Cisco Press (53)
More Information


We have covered the basics of the IPX protocol suite, the core commands for bringing up an IPX network, and some of the additional commands often implemented on large IPX networks. By no means will this chapter make you an expert in IPX networks, but it will get you up and running. Following are the central concepts of the chapter:

  • An IPX address takes the form network.node, in which network is a 32-bit number designating a LAN or WAN segment and node is a 48-bit number designating a client or server. The network portion is assigned by the network administrator. The node portion is configured dynamically.

  • For NetWare clients, NetWare servers, and Cisco routers to communicate properly on an IPX LAN segment, they must be running the same IPX encapsulation. Although in some situations you can choose from among multiple encapsulation methods, most often the version of NetWare dictates which one must be used.

  • Like IP routing, IPX routing can be configured manually or via dynamic routing protocols. RIP, NLSP, and EIGRP are dynamic routing protocols for IPX. IPX RIP is enabled on all IPX interfaces by default when you use the global configuration command ipx routing.

  • SAP is a dynamic services protocol that advertises what services are available on an IPX network. It is configured by default on all IPX-configured interfaces. SAP filters can be used to limit the amount of SAP traffic sent and received by a router.

  • To enable NetBIOS broadcasts to be received and sent by a Cisco router, you must use the ipx type-20-propagation or ipx type-20-helpered command.

  • A variety of show, debug, and ping commands are available for verifying configurations and for troubleshooting your IPX network. In addition to those summarized in the Table 6-4, see Table 6-5 for a review of pertinent commands.

Table 6-4. Summary of EXEC Commands for Configuring IPX



clear ipx route

Clears the entire IPX routing table or, if specified, a particular route.

ping network.node

Tests the indicated IPX address to determine whether it is reachable and responsive.

ping ipx network.node

In privileged mode, used to send either Cisco Echoes or Novell Standard Echoes to the indicated IPX address to determine whether it is reachable and responsive.

show ipx access-lists

Shows all IPX access lists defined on the router.

show ipx interface brief

Shows a brief summary of IPX network information and interface statuses for all available interfaces on the device.

show ipx interface interface

Shows all the parameters associated with the IPX configuration of an interface.

show ipx route

Outputs the IPX routing table of the router.

show ipx route network.node  

Shows IPX routing information for the specified route.

show ipx traffic

Outputs overall statistics about the operation of IPX on the router.

show ipx servers

Shows a list of all the currently known IPX servers.

Table 6-5. Summary of Configuration Commands for IPX Networks




Creates a numbered access list and its associated filtering criteria.

area-address address mask

Defines the area address prefix and mask for NLSP.

dialer map ipx

Statically maps an IPX address to system names and phone numbers for ISDN calls.

frame-relay map ipx

Maps an IPX address to a Frame Relay DLCI.

ipx access-list {extended | sap | standard} name

Assigns a named IPX access and its associated filtering criteria.

ipx access-group list [in | out]

Applies the indicated access list to the task of filtering incoming or outgoing packets on an interface.

ipx gns-round-robin

Stipulates a round-robin selection method for choosing among multiple eligible servers when the router responds to GNS requests.

ipx input-sap-filter list

Interface subcommand that instructs the router to filter inbound SAP packets based on specific access list criteria.

ipx internal-network network

Defines an internal network number on the router for NLSP.

ipx maximum paths number

Configures the router to permit the specified number of equal-cost paths in its IPX routing table.

ipx network network [encapsulation | secondary]

Defines the IPX network for that interface; optionally, defines the encapsulation method (for example, snap and arpa) used on that interface and whether or not the network is primary or secondary on the interface.

ipx output-gns-filter list

Interface subcommand that instructs the router to filter outbound GNS packets from routers based on specific access list criteria.

ipx output-sap-filter list

Interface subcommand that instructs the router to filter outbound SAP packets based on specific access list criteria.

ipx ppp-client loopback

Interface subcommand that assigns the IPX number of a Loopback interface for use by IPX PPP clients.

ipx route

Configures a static IPX route.

ipx router eigrp autonomous-system

Enables EIGRP as a routing process for IPX.

ipx router nlsp tag

Enables the specified NLSP process as a routing process for IPX.

ipx router-sap-filter

Applies a filter to all SAP advertisements based on specific access list criteria.

ipx routing

Enables IPX routing on the router.

ipx sap

Defines static SAP table entries.

ipx sap-incremental-eigrp

Configures a router to send SAP messages only when a change occurs in the SAP table.

ipx update interval {rip | sap} seconds

Interface subcommand that changes the IPX RIP or SAP interval to the number of seconds specified.

map group

Assigns a named map group to an interface for use in mapping IPX addresses to ATM data link addresses on an interface.

map list

Creates a named map list to configure the mapping of IPX addresses to PVCs or SVCs in ATM addressing.

network network

Associates an IPX network number with EIGRP.

x25 map ipx

Statically maps an IPX address to an X.121 address.


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